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Nature Conservation - Archive


Below is a list of older nature conservation projects. More recent projects can be found on our nature project page.

Older nature conservation projects :
Regreening the Sahel, Dogonkiria en Soucoucoutane, Niger
January 2015
Regreening the Sahel, Dogonkiria en Soucoucoutane, Niger, 2015-2016
BothEnds and CRESA have been working together since 2010 to encourage farmers to grow trees and plants on their... more

Ponta do Ouro Partial Marine Reserve, Mozambique
January 2015
Development of Ponta do Ouro Partial Marine Reserve, Mozambique, 2015
The Peace Parks Foundation protects nature in the border regions of Southern Africa. There are currently 10... more

'Solutions project': identifying sustainable alternatives for land use, Cameroon and D.R. Congo
January 2015
'Solutions project': identifying sustainable alternatives for land use, D.R. Congo, 2015
Greenpeace is an international campaigning organisation dedicated to protecting nature... more

Sustainable conservation and food security, Région Maritime, Togo
October 2014
Sustainable conservation and food security for 20 villages, Région Maritime, Togo, 2011-2014
In 20 villages in the very poor southeast of Togo, 4.000 farmers are trained in organic farming and... more

Supporting effective recovery of mangroves, Philippines
July 2014
Effective restoration of mangroves, Philippines, 2014-2015
In addition to two major zoos, the Zoological Society of London (ZSL) has a renowned science and conservation department.... more

Extension of organic and fair trade cocoa production, Togo
July 2014
Organic and fair trade cocoa production, Akebou, Togo, 2013-2015
This project from Progreso, the Agro Eco-Louis Bolk Instituut and AVSF wants to stimulate organic cocoa production... more

Training in sustainable organic farming, Burkina Faso
April 2014
Sustainable Management and Recovery Sahel Ecosystem, Burkina Faso, 2014-2015
Tiipaalga in Burkina Faso was founded in 2006 and is the local counterpart of the Swiss foundation... more

Reforestation result near Mampu, seen from the air
October 2013
Reforestation and sustainable management of ecosystems in the Kwilu district, D.R. Congo, 2011-2013
Congodorpen (formerly known as CDI Bwamanda) is a Belgian NGO dedicated to... more

Energy-efficient wood stove
October 2013
Reforestation, Burkina Faso, 2011-2013
The Burkina Faso desert is swiftly advancing. And due to logging for home use, the country loses 80,000 acres of forest every year. ChildFund... more

Sustainable development of Mangrove areas, Aguégués Commune, Benin
July 2013
Sustainable development of Mangrove areas, Aguégués Commune, Benin, 2011-2013
Care International is an international aid agency. This project wants to enable structural coastal... more

Sustainable agriculture in Burkina Faso
March 2013
Sustainable agriculture, Sissili Province, Burkina Faso, 2011-2013
In the poor province of Sissili, Woord en Daad and CREDO are training farm families to make their companies and... more

17 May 2011: Official opening of the new Mozambique headquarters, financed by the Turing Foundation, with (among others, from left to right) Milou Halbesma (Turing), Mr. Fernando Sumbana (Minister for Tourism), Governor Maria Jonas, Werner Myburgh (CEO Peace Parks) and Miguel Gonsalvez (sea park manager).
November 2012
Lubombo Transfrontier Marine Protected Area, Mozambique/Zuid-Afrika, 2010-2012
The Peace Parks Foundation dedicates itself to nature reserves located at countries' border regions,... more

Development of organic and fair trade cocoa production, Togo
August 2012
Development of organic and fair trade cocoa production, Togo, 2012
This Progreso and Agro Eco-Louis Bolk Institute project is aimed at promoting organic cocoa production and... more

Regreening Initiative, Niger
August 2012
Regreening Initiative, Phase 2, Niger, 2012-2013
In 2010, Both Ends and CIS-VU (Centre for International Cooperation -VU University Amsterdam) started the Re-greening Initiative in... more

Fishing with dynamite, Coral Triangle
June 2012
Seafood Savers Platform for Sustainable Tuna and Live Reef Fish, Coral Triangle, 2012
We're approaching the final phase of our support of the Coral Triangle Initiativethrough the... more

Bleached Coral Reefs, Coral Triangle
June 2012
Carbon footprint reduction and Protection of Critical Reefs, Coral triangle, 2012
We're approaching the final phase of our support of the Coral Triangle Initiative through the World... more

Analysis of Live Reef Fish Trade routes in the Coral Triangle
June 2012
Live Reef Fish Trade Transformation, Coral Triangle, 2012
This World Wildlife Federation programme intends to achieve a recovery of the diverse fish population in the Coral... more

A 1.5 metre Napoleon fish. These special coral fish are captured alive and then kept in the aquaria of very chic restaurants. Sometimes ten thousand square metres of coral are poisoned by cyanide to stun just one fish, after which the divers haul the stunned animal up between the coral into a mobile aquarium.
June 2012
Sustainable Finance for Networks of Marine Protected Areas, Coral Triangle, 2012
The World Wildlife Federation has established a foundation for the identification and management... more

Protecting Endangered Turtles
June 2012
Protecting Endangered Turtles, Coral Triangle, 2012
Six out of the seven species of sea turtles we have on this earth live in the Coral Triangle. The animals are threatened most by... more

Cotton farmer outside Fana, Mali
March 2012
Switch to sustainable cotton production, Mali, 2011-2012
Mali is the largest producer of cotton in Western Africa. Cotton is a good source of income, but it's extremely harmful to... more

Orchard in Séguénéga, Turing project visit, November 2010
January 2012
Developing organic vegetable gardens and orchards - Séguénéga, Burkina Faso, 2010-2012
The Burkinan organisation ADECUSS will teach 300 women in the extremely poor and dry northern... more

Reforestation of desertified soil. Turing project visit, November 2010
November 2011
Communal management of grazing land and forest restoration in Ségou, Mali, 2009-2011
The agricultural region Ségou frequently suffers from food shortages caused by the exhaustion of... more

Family garden, Turing project visit, November 2010
November 2011
Protection of natural resources in Timbuktu, Mali, 2009-2011
In ten villages in the Timbuktu region primarily women will be trained in organic market gardening and small livestock... more

Women using wood-saving ovens. Turing project visit, November 2010
November 2011
Sustainable management of the forest of Koubaye, Mali, 2009-2011
This project aims to protect and restore 7,700 km2 of forest by making environmental agreements between the... more

Women at work on their own BOFA farm, Turing project visit, Februari 2012
November 2011
Organic gardening and 'night paddocks', Cameroon, 2009-2011
Njamnjama is a vegetable similar to spinach. In Cameroon the traditional production of this vegetable has not been able... more

Banc d'Arguin, Mauritania
July 2011
NGO capability and community involvement, Banc d'Arguin, Mauritania, 2010-2011
In Mauritania, local NGOs are trained and alternative sources of income for the local community are created... more

Regreening Initiative, Niger
March 2011
Regreening Initiative, Niger, 2010-2011
Niger is one of the poorest countries in the world, with three-quarters of its surface covered by desert and 85% of its population being... more

Part of the CENDEP project area, destroyed by fire (possibly arsony as a result of a quarrel between project stakeholders). Turing Project Visit, Februari 2012
March 2011
Restoration of Mountain Forests by Introduction of Analogue Forestry, Bamenda High Mountains, Cameroon, 2008-2010
The high mountains of Bamenda are sometimes referred to as the storehouse of Cameroon... more

Managing Tuna nurseries and bycatch
January 2011
Managing Tuna nurseries and bycatch, Coral Triangle, 2007-2011
Tuna fishing yields food and income for tens of millions of people living in the Coral Triangle. Besides, tuna plays a... more

Responding to Climate Change through reduction of Tourism and travel footprint
January 2011
Responding to Climate Change through reduction of Tourism and travel footprint, Coral Triangle, 2007-2011
Global warming is bad for coral reefs - the corals will bleach, lose all... more

Sustainable conservation and food security, Région Maritime, Togo 2010-2011
October 2010
Sustainable conservation and food security, Région Maritime, Togo 2010
In 20 villages in the very poor southeast of Togo, 4.000 farmers are trained in organic farming and... more

ASUDEC community garden, Turing project visit, Gampela, November 2010, Burkina Faso
October 2010
Ecological sustainability and the promotion of (small) livestock farming, Burkina Faso, 2009-2010
In this project Heifer and the Louis Bolk Institute collaborate in the... more

harvesting manioc (cassava)
July 2010
Sustainable manioc cultivation, Ingoré, Guinea Bissau, 2010-2012
Apart from rice, the most important food plants in Guinea-Bissau are manioc, beans and sorghum. Local organisation... more

improved sustainable rice cultivation, Sangaréyah Bay, Guinée Bissau, 2010-2012
July 2010
Improved sustainable rice cultivation, Sangaréyah Bay, Guinée Bissau, 2010-2012
In Guinea-Bissau, local organisations ADEPAG and ODIL are collaborating to (re)introduce the... more

Sustainable soy cultivation around Lake Siré, Oueme, Benin, 2010-2012
July 2010
Sustainable soy cultivation around Lake Siré, Oueme, Benin, 2010-2012
Nature Tropicale focuses on the introduction and supervision of the sustainable cultivation of soy around Lake... more

Timbuktu region, Mali
July 2010
Preservation of Natural Resources, Timbuktu, Mali, 2009-2010
Because of years of draught and a fast population growth, the natural vegetation of the Timbuktu region is under pressure. Because of this... more

Women of Songtaaba, Turing project visit, November 2010
March 2010
Promotion and improvement of biological shea nut farming, Burkina Faso, 2008-2010
For millions of African people, in particular women, the shea nut provides one of the most... more

Sustainable fish production, Oueme river, Benin
January 2010
Sustainable fish production, Oueme river, Benin, 2010-2012
AquaDeD (Aquaculture et Développement Durable) is a young NGO from Benin which especially aims to further develop... more

Biologische teelt van rode peper, Igbodja regio, Benin
January 2010
Biological cultivation of red pepper, Igbodja region, Benin, 2010-2012
Since 1993, the Beninese organisation Action Plus is active in the fields of agriculture, environment and... more

Vegetable gardens near the wetlands around Lake Doro, Mali
January 2010
Sustainable management of wetlands around Lake Doro, Mali, 2010-2011
9,500 people live in eight villages in the tidal area within the project region in South-West Mali: farmers, cattle-breeding nomads and fishermen. These people... more

Nursery of economically interesting trees for analogous reforestation, Missahoe Forest Reserve, Togo
January 2010
Sustainable agriculture/forestry in the Missahoe Forest Reserve, Togo, 2010-2012
The IUCN is recovering part of a rainforest that has been seriously impoverished due to human activities, but still houses... more

The Community Garden of The Hunger Project in Sapouy, Burkina Faso, Turing Project Visit, November 2010
October 2009
Sustainable Agricultural Programmes, Burkina Faso 2008-2009
In Burkina Faso, the Hunger Project is working on the improvement of sustainable agricultural methods, the protection of affected parcels of forest, the... more

Forest conservation on small-scale cacao plantations, Wassa Amenfi District, Ghana
October 2009
Forest conservation on small-scale cacao plantations, Wassa Amenfi District, Ghana, 2009-2010
The Rural Environmental Care Association (RECA) focuses on the sustained use of land... more

Organic production of 'Niebe', Darkoye Meer, Burkina Faso
October 2009
Introduction of the organic production of 'Niebe', Burkina Faso, 2009-2012
The floodplains around Lake Darkoye in the northwest of Burkina Faso are in the poor Sahel region, where... more

Restoration and protection of local ecosystems, Région des Savanes, Togo
July 2009
Restoration and protection of local ecosystems, Région des Savanes, Togo, 2009-2010
In the Région des Savanes in Northern Togo, a very poor region, the ecosystem is deteriorating at... more

The Lubombo Transfrontier Conservation and resource Area - Mozambique
October 2008
Establishing Lubombo Transfrontier Marine Protected Area, Mozambique/Zuid-Afrika, 2009
The Peace Parks Foundation is devoted to protecting those natural areas that are located... more

Teacher Training, Hugo van Lawick Foundation
October 2008
Teacher training and nature education, Ido Eco Community, Tanzania, 2008-2010
Hugo van Lawick devoted his life to observing and capturing nature. He was married to Jane Goodall and... more

Wereld Natuur Fonds
July 2008
The Coral Triangle Initiative, 0-2012
There is no place on earth that is home to such great biodiversity as the coral triangle. The Turing Foundation contributes € 3,000,000 to... more

IUCN Project Sustainable Agriculture
July 2008
Sustainable Cocoa Production Eastern and Ashanti Region, Ghana, 2008-2010
As in many other countries, the production of cocoa leads to serious deforestation and forest degradation in Ghana... more

ANCO training in beekeeping and honey production, Bemanda, Kameroen, 2010
July 2008
Community Forest, Bamenda High Mountains, Cameroon, 2008-2010
ANCO introduces and stimulates sustainable agriculture and other types of sustainable sources of income... more

sustainable agricultural projects in Africa
November 2007
€ 1.000.000 for sustainable IUCN agricultural projects in Africa, 2008-2010
After the realization of several successful projects within the Small Grants Programme of IUCN Nederland, the Turing Foundation has decided... more

Fishing village, Murciellagos Bay, The Philippines
September 2007
Ecosystem Management for the Murciellagos Bay, Philippines, 2007-2009
Murciellagos Bay is a breeding ground of important and diverse ecosystems, coral reefs, mangrove forests, sea grass beds and rare... more

10% improved coral cover measured in Lamit Bay at the end of the project (july 2010)
September 2007
Sustainable management of the biodiversity in the Lamit Bay, Philippines, 2007-2010
The biodiversity of the Lamit Bay is threatened by commercial overfishing and dynamite fishing. The local community will cooperate to create a network of... more

Wereld Natuur Fonds
July 2007
€3.000.000 for the Coral Triangle Initiative 2007-2012
There is no place on earth that is home to such great biodiversity as the coral triangle. The Turing Foundation contributes € 3,000,000 to... more

Dungonab Bay Marine National Park
July 2007
Dungonab Bay and Sanganeb Atoll Marine National Park, Sudan, 2007-2009
African Parks helps the Sudanese government in managing, conserving and restoring two national parks. The Turing Foundation contributes 1 million euros to the Sanganeb Atoll Marine... more

Missahoe forest reserve, Togo
July 2007
Sustainable agriculture/forestry in the Missahoe Forest Reserve, Togo, 2007-2009
The IUCN is recovering part of a rainforest that has been seriously impoverished due to human activities, but still houses... more

Sustainable small-scaled agriculture
July 2007
Sustainable small-scaled agriculture in Borgou, Benin, 2007-2009
In Benin, the IUCN and the CRFA work on alternative and improved agricultural systems around the Antisua community forest... more

Sustainable vegetable growing
July 2007
Sustainable management of wetlands around Lake Doro, Mali, 2007-2009
9,500 people live in eight villages in the tidal area within the project region in South-West Mali: farmers, cattle-breeding nomads and fishermen. These people... more

Wereld Natuur Fonds Seafood Savers Platform for Sustainable Tuna and Live Reef Fish, Coral Triangle, 2012
We're approaching the final phase of our support of the Coral Triangle Initiativethrough the World Wildlife Fund. One of the final projects is the setting up of a platform for sustainable tuna fishing. The yet to be founded 'Seafood Savers Platform' will bring together all important players in the field: fisheries, buyers, and retailers. The project also wants to generate a greater demand for sustainable fish products from WWF's small-scale field projects.

In total, the Turing Foundation will be donating € 300,000 to this initiative. see also:
  What's the problem with tuna fishing in the Coral Triangle? (YouTube)
      Wereld Natuur Fonds: other projects
Fishing with dynamite, Coral Triangle
Fishing with dynamite, Coral Triangle


Wereld Natuur Fonds Carbon footprint reduction and Protection of Critical Reefs, Coral triangle, 2012
We're approaching the final phase of our support of the Coral Triangle Initiative through the World Wildlife Fund. One of the final projects concerns the CO2-reduction and preservation of critical coral reefs. Within the Coral Triangle, the creation of Marine Protected Areas is not developing fast enough for the urgent need for breeding areas for fish and other life forms inhabiting and surrounding the coral reefs. Especially 'no-take zones', areas in which a total fishing ban is in effect, are a long time coming, although nature-preservation results and fishermen's fish stock in neighbouring areas are spectacular. It's why we've decided to do an extra investment for the project's final phase.

In total, the Turing Foundation will be donating € 300,000 to this initiative. see also: Wereld Natuur Fonds: other projects
Bleached Coral Reefs, Coral Triangle
Bleached Coral Reefs, Coral Triangle


Wereld Natuur Fonds Live Reef Fish Trade Transformation, Coral Triangle, 2012
This World Wildlife Federation programme intends to achieve a recovery of the diverse fish population in the Coral Triangle, and a reduction of destructive fishing methods (such as dynamite fishing). One of the actions is the establishment of a Trade Association in the fishing industry (especially in Hong Kong) to promote sensible trade in the species of fish concerned. Simultaneously, plans will be made to encourage consumers to buy only fish that has been MSC certified.

The Turing Foundation will contribute € 300,000 to the programme, which will run until 2012. see also:
      The Coral Triangle Initiative
      Donation for Coral Protection (EZNC)
  Dr. Lida Pet Soede over het Coral Triangle Initiative (Television)
      The Coral Triangle Initiative (WWF website)
      Wereld Natuur Fonds: other projects
Analysis of Live Reef Fish Trade routes in the Coral Triangle
Analysis of Live Reef Fish Trade routes in the Coral Triangle


Wereld Natuur Fonds Sustainable Finance for Networks of Marine Protected Areas, Coral Triangle, 2012
The World Wildlife Federation has established a foundation for the identification and management of protected marine areas in the Coral Triangle, which consist of 50,000 km2 of coral reefs, 50,000 km2 of mangrove forests, and breeding grounds and migration routes of important fish species in 500,000 km2 of open water.

The foundation helps to bridge budget gaps, until the local governments have their financial situations in order. The foundation is also able to offer immediate help should there be urgent needs in the protected areas.

The Turing Foundation contributes € 600,000 to this foundation. see also:
      The Coral Triangle Initiative
      Donation for Coral Protection (EZNC)
  Dr. Lida Pet Soede over het Coral Triangle Initiative (Television)
      The Coral Triangle Initiative (WWF website)
      Wereld Natuur Fonds: other projects
      Other mangrove projects
A 1.5 metre Napoleon fish. These special coral fish are captured alive and then kept in the aquaria of very chic restaurants. Sometimes ten thousand square metres of coral are poisoned by cyanide to stun just one fish, after which the divers haul the stunned animal up between the coral into a mobile aquarium.
A 1.5 metre Napoleon fish. These special coral fish are captured alive and then kept in the aquaria of very chic restaurants. Sometimes ten thousand square metres of coral are poisoned by cyanide to stun just one fish, after which the divers haul the stunned animal up between the coral into a mobile aquarium.


Wereld Natuur Fonds Protecting Endangered Turtles, Coral Triangle, 2012
Six out of the seven species of sea turtles we have on this earth live in the Coral Triangle. The animals are threatened most by the accidental bycatch of fishermen and by the loss of breeding habitat along the coasts. These majestic animals do not only play a principle role in the tourist industry; they also have an important symbolic meaning in initiatives and fundraising related to the protection of the Coral Triangle.

The main purpose of this World Wildlife Federation project is to make certain that half of all migration routes, feeding areas and breeding habitats of sea turtles have a protected status by 2011. Moreover, WWF intends to halve the fishery bycatch of turtles, for example by distributing more than 300,000 circle hooks among the fisher fleet for the prevention of bycatch.

The Turing Foundation will contribute € 250,000 to this project. see also:
      The Coral Triangle Initiative
      Donation for Coral Protection (EZNC)
  Dr. Lida Pet Soede over het Coral Triangle Initiative (Television)
      The Coral Triangle Initiative (WWF website)
      Wereld Natuur Fonds: other projects
Protecting Endangered Turtles
Protecting Endangered Turtles


Wereld Natuur Fonds Managing Tuna nurseries and bycatch, Coral Triangle, 2007-2011
Tuna fishing yields food and income for tens of millions of people living in the Coral Triangle. Besides, tuna plays a crucial role in the ecology of the coral reefs.

The governments in the Coral Triangle acknowledge that their fishing areas can be continuous sources of food and income, as long as they are managed in the right way. Therefore, they have laid down laws for the sustainable use of these areas. However, structural overfishing has been taking place during the past twenty years.

The World Wildlife Federation, together with the business community and the government, will design strategies and solutions to prevent the loss of tuna production in the Coral Triangle. The Turing Foundation will donate € 650,000 to this initiative, which will run until 2011. see also:
      The Coral Triangle Initiative
      Donation for Coral Protection (EZNC)
  Dr. Lida Pet Soede over het Coral Triangle Initiative (Television)
      The Coral Triangle Initiative (WWF website)
      Wereld Natuur Fonds: other projects
Managing Tuna nurseries and bycatch
Managing Tuna nurseries and bycatch


Wereld Natuur Fonds Responding to Climate Change through reduction of Tourism and travel footprint, Coral Triangle, 2007-2011
Global warming is bad for coral reefs - the corals will bleach, lose all their colour and eventually die. This is at the expense of marine life; it will limit fishing opportunities and reduce opportunities for tourism (which is an important source of income and an important stimulus for the protection of the corals).

The World Wildlife Federation believes it is possible to help the coral reefs in the Coral Triangle by avoiding any further negative impact of climate change, by reducing other disturbing effects on their health (such as polluting industries, tourism and fishing).

The Turing Foundation will contribute € 600,000 to this initiative, which will run until 2011. see also:
      The Coral Triangle Initiative
      Donation for Coral Protection (EZNC)
  Dr. Lida Pet Soede over het Coral Triangle Initiative (Television)
      The Coral Triangle Initiative (WWF website)
      Wereld Natuur Fonds: other projects
Responding to Climate Change through reduction of Tourism and travel footprint
Responding to Climate Change through reduction of Tourism and travel footprint


Wereld Natuur Fonds €3.000.000 for the Coral Triangle Initiative 2007-2012
No place on earth has such great biodiversity as the Coral Triangle. The triangle covers almost 6,000,000 km2 and stretches out as far as Indonesia, the Philippines, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, East Timor and Brunei Darussalam. The triangle is a true nursery of the sea, being the home of 75% of all coral species and of more than 3,000 different fish species.

The area is seriously threatened by a range of factors, such as overfishing, destructive fishing (for example by the use of dynamite and cyanide), global warming and pollution.

Here, the World Wildlife Federation is setting up one of its largest and most ambitious projects ever, which aims to introduce a new, long term model for the sustainable management of this wildlife area - before the combination of threatening factors will have left a permanent mark on it, and on the millions of households that depend on it.

The project requires a whole range of simultaneous initiatives that address the various threats. If organised in the proper way, the initiatives will reinforce each other. A specially formed Coral Triangle Team will coordinate the entire project, and will in the coming years revise the strategy if necessary - possibly by developing new initiatives.

The eventual purpose of this project is to save the nurseries of the Coral Triangle, which are of vital importance to the conservation of a healthy ecosystem in the oceans and along the coasts of the Coral Triangle.
The Coral Triangle

In the six years to come, the Turing Foundation contributes € 3,000,000 in total to the six sub-initiatives that are part of the first phase of the programme. These six initiatives are described below.

1. Sustainable Finance for Networks of Marine Protected Areas

A new foundation will be established for the identification and management of protected marine areas in the Coral Triangle, which consist of 50,000 km2 of coral reefs, 50,000 km2 of mangrove forests, and breeding grounds and migration routes of important fish species in 500,000 km2 of open water.

The foundation helps to bridge budget gaps, until the local governments have their financial situations in order. The foundation is also able to offer immediate help should there be urgent needs in the protected areas.

The Turing Foundation will contribute € 600,000 to this foundation.


A 1.5 metre Napoleon fish. These special coral fish are captured alive and then kept in the aquaria of very chic restaurants. Sometimes ten thousand square metres of coral are poisoned by cyanide to stun just one fish, after which the divers haul the stunned animal up between the coral into a mobile aquarium.

2. Managing Tuna nurseries and bycatch

Tuna fishing yields food and income for tens of millions of people living in the Coral Triangle. Besides, tuna plays a crucial role in the ecology of the coral reefs.

The governments in the Coral Triangle acknowledge that their fishing areas can be continuous sources of food and income, as long as they are managed in the right way. Therefore, they have laid down laws for the sustainable use of these areas. However, structural overfishing has been taking place during the past twenty years.

Together with the business community and the government strategies and solutions will have to be designed to prevent the loss of tuna production in the Coral Triangle. The Turing Foundation will donate € 650,000 to this sub-initiative, which will run until 2010.

3. Live Reef Fish Trade Transformation

This programme intends to achieve a recovery of the diverse fish population in the Coral Triangle, and a reduction of destructive fishing methods (such as dynamite fishing). One of the actions is the establishment of a Trade Association in the fishing industry (especially in Hong Kong) to promote sensible trade in the species of fish concerned. Simultaneously, plans will be made to encourage consumers to buy only fish that has been MSC certified.

Analysis of Live Reef Fisg Trade Routes in the Coral Triangle

The Turing Foundation will contribute € 300,000 to the LRFTT-programme, which will run until 2010.

4. Protecting Endangered Turtles

Six out of the seven species of sea turtles we have on this earth live in the Coral Triangle. The animals are threatened most by the accidental bycatch of fishermen and by the loss of breeding habitat along the coasts. These majestic animals do not only play a principle role in the tourist industry; they also have an important symbolic meaning in initiatives and fundraising related to the protection of the Coral Triangle.

The main purpose of this sub-project is to make certain that half of all migration routes, feeding areas and breeding habitats of sea turtles have a protected status by 2010. Moreover, WWF intends to halve the fishery bycatch of turtles, for example by distributing more than 300,000 circle hooks among the fisher fleet for the prevention of bycatch.

Sea turtle in the Coral Triangle

The Turing Foundation will contribute € 250,000 to this sub-project.

5. Responding to Climate Change through reduction of Tourism and travel footprint

Global warming is bad for coral reefs - the corals will bleach, lose all their colour and eventually die. This is at the expense of marine life; it will limit fishing opportunities and reduce opportunities for tourism (which is an important source of income and an important stimulus for the protection of the corals).

It is possible to help the coral reefs by avoiding any further negative impact of climate change, by reducing other disturbing effects on their health (such as polluting industries, tourism and fishing).

Coral reef

The Turing Foundation will contribute € 600,000 to this sub-initiative, which will run until 2010.

6. Other projects

The Coral Triangle Initiative is a dynamic programme. It can be expected that extra activities are needed in the years to come in order to guarantee the success of the total project. Extra budget is already being made available for such future activities.

The Turing Foundation subscribes to this realistic viewpoint and commits € 600,000 support to these currently unnamed sub-projects.

see also:
      Donation for Coral Protection (EZNC)
  Dr. Lida Pet Soede over het Coral Triangle Initiative (Television)
      The Coral Triangle Initiative (WWF website)
      Wereld Natuur Fonds: other projects

Nurseries of the sea
Peace Parks Foundation Development of Ponta do Ouro Partial Marine Reserve, Mozambique, 2015
The Peace Parks Foundation protects nature in the border regions of Southern Africa. There are currently 10 Peace Parks. The Ponta do Ouro Partial Marine Reserve was set up with the help of the Turing Foundation between 2009 and 2013. Management is in the hands of a solid team, and the community is very involved. However, the park does not yet generate enough income (from tourism, for example), so it still needs to be supported financially to consolidate the protection work.

The Turing Foundation has already contributed €625,000 for the realization of this nature reserve. In 2014 and 2015, it will donate another €110,000 for material that helps law enforcement, and operational costs. see also: Peace Parks Foundation: other projects
Ponta do Ouro Partial Marine Reserve, Mozambique
Ponta do Ouro Partial Marine Reserve, Mozambique


Zoological Society of London Effective restoration of mangroves, Philippines, 2014-2015
In addition to two major zoos, the Zoological Society of London (ZSL) has a renowned science and conservation department. There has been increased interest in mangroves and coastal protection in the Philippines since typhoon Haiyan in November 2013. For this reason, ZSL wants to accelerate the transfer of knowledge about proven effective methods to restore and protect mangroves by, among other things, organising a training programme for 100 trainers and a national conference on the subject. Two coastal areas on the island of Panay are being established as demonstration sites, where knowledge can be applied in practice and the results can be directly monitored.

In 2014 the Turing Foundation is contributing € 70,000 towards the training of trainers and knowledge transfer to stakeholders, in order to effectively restore the Philippines' mangroves. see also:
      Zoological Society of London: other projects
      Other mangrove projects
Supporting effective recovery of mangroves, Philippines
Supporting effective recovery of mangroves, Philippines


Peace Parks Foundation Lubombo Transfrontier Marine Protected Area, Mozambique/Zuid-Afrika, 2010-2012
The Peace Parks Foundation dedicates itself to nature reserves located at countries' border regions, and strives for sustainable economic development, biodiversity, peace and stability in those regions. Ultimate responsibility for the parks lies with the respective countries. The Lubombo Transfrontier Park is located at the border of Mozambique and South Africa's coastal region. It holds a wealth of coral reefs, wetlands, whales and tortoises and as a result, it has great touristic potential.

On July 14, 2009, thanks to the efforts of the Peace Parks Foundation and the Turing Foundation's contribution, Lubombo became the very first cross-border Marine Protected Area confirmed by both Mozambique and South Africa governments. The park's touristic development is currently being worked on. It is important to act fast, so the park can be realized keeping in mind both sustainability and respect for nature. On top of that, the sea area needs to be protected from poachers and large fish trawlers. There are currently only 800 people living in the area, and they are entirely dependent on the sea. They will be trained in sustainable fishing methods, coastal protection and tourism.

The Turing Foundation contributes € 625,000 (€ 75,000 of which in 2012) to the realization and preservation of this very first African Transfrontier Marine Protected Area. see also:
  Ponta du Ouro Partial Marine Reserve (Peace Parks Video)
      Opening of Marine Reserve’s headquarters, Mozambique (Peace Parks)
      Peace Parks Foundation: other projects
17 May 2011: Official opening of the new Mozambique headquarters, financed by the Turing Foundation, with (among others, from left to right) Milou Halbesma (Turing), Mr. Fernando Sumbana (Minister for Tourism), Governor Maria Jonas, Werner Myburgh (CEO Peace Parks) and Miguel Gonsalvez (sea park manager).
17 May 2011: Official opening of the new Mozambique headquarters, financed by the Turing Foundation, with (among others, from left to right) Milou Halbesma (Turing), Mr. Fernando Sumbana (Minister for Tourism), Governor Maria Jonas, Werner Myburgh (CEO Peace Parks) and Miguel Gonsalvez (sea park manager).


FIBA NGO capability and community involvement, Banc d'Arguin, Mauritania, 2010-2011
In collaboration with the local community, FIBA (Fondation Internationale du Banc d'Arguin) is realizing a plan for the sustainable protection of West Africa´s most important breeding ground: Mauritania's 14,000-kilometer coastline. The area's importance has also been acknowledged by UNESCO and Ramsar. The project consists of training local NGOs and creating alternative sources of income for the community. The project is especially aimed at women, and providing nature education for the children of the park's eight villages.

The Turing Foundation will be donating € 75,000 to the project. see also: Renforcement des capacités des ONG (FIBA)
Banc d'Arguin, Mauritania
Banc d'Arguin, Mauritania


Peace Parks Foundation Establishing Lubombo Transfrontier Marine Protected Area, Mozambique/Zuid-Afrika, 2009
The Peace Parks Foundation is devoted to protecting those natural areas that are located across the borders between countries. The foundation's main goal is to establish sustainable economic development, biodiversity, peace and stability in the region surrounding the park. The final responsibility for the parks remains with the countries.

The Lubombo Transfrontier Park is located by the coast and on the borderline of Mozambique and South Africa. It offers a wealth of coral reefs, wetlands, whales and tortoises, which give it great tourist potential. Now that the situation in Mozambique seems to become more stable, tourist development is conceivable again - even more so given the fact that the park is located between Mozambique's capital, Maputo and the economic powerhouse of South Africa, Gauteng. It is important that prompt action is taken, so that a sustainable park can be established, with respect for nature. Apart from that, the marine area must be protected against threats such as poachers and large fish trailers.

The area is home to no more than 800 people, who fully depend on the sea for their daily sustenance. They will be trained in sustainable fishing practices, coast guarding and tourism.

In the coming four years, the Turing Foundation donates € 625,000 to the establishment and protection of the first African 'Transfrontier Marine Protected Area'. see also: Peace Parks Foundation: other projects
The Lubombo Transfrontier Conservation and resource Area - Mozambique
The Lubombo Transfrontier Conservation and resource Area - Mozambique


PARTSIUCN Nederland Ecosystem Management for the Murciellagos Bay, Philippines, 2007-2009
Murciellagos Bay is a breeding ground of important and diverse ecosystems. The bay covers 8,000 hectares and is home to rare and endangered fish, shellfish and sea turtle species. The area is threatened by pollution, overfishing and destructive fishing. The Philippine organisation PARTS (Partner for Rural & Technical Service) tries to have part of the coral reefs, mangrove forests and sea grass beds identified as Marine Protected Areas, so as to stop illegal fishing practices and encourage the recovery of the ecosystem and fish stock. The ambition is to achieve a sustainable balance between nature conservation and the local economy, for instance by strengthening the fishing organisations in most of the 24 local fishing villages, and by investing in nature education for the local community.

The Turing Foundation and IUCN Nederland will together contribute the sum of € 90,000 to this project, which runs until June 2009. see also:
      IUCN Nederland: other projects
      Other mangrove projects
Fishing village, Murciellagos Bay, The Philippines
Fishing village, Murciellagos Bay, The Philippines


NSLCIUCN Nederland Sustainable management of the biodiversity in the Lamit Bay, Philippines, 2007-2010
The Philippine organisation NSLC (Network of Sustainable Livelihoods Catalysts) is devoted to a sustainable conservation of Philippine nature. The rich biodiversity of Lamit Bay is threatened by commercial overfishing and dynamite fishing. The local community, dependent on fishing and on the cultivation of red seaweed, will cooperate in the protection of a network of 'no-take zones' covering 350 hectares (in the form of Marine Protected Areas). Expectations are that this protection of coral reefs, sea grass areas and mangrove forests will lead to the sustainable conservation of the entire bay (50,000 hectares). The training of the local community and the tapping of sustainable alternative sources of income play an essential role in this project.

The Turing Foundation and IUCN Nederland will together contribute € 88,000 towards the costs of the project until July 2010. see also:
      IUCN Nederland: other projects
      Other mangrove projects
10% improved coral cover measured in Lamit Bay at the end of the project (july 2010)
10% improved coral cover measured in Lamit Bay at the end of the project (july 2010)


African Parks Dungonab Bay and Sanganeb Atoll Marine National Park, Sudan, 2007-2009
African Parks helps African governments in managing, conserving and restoring seven National Parks. The foundation raises funds during the initial phase (sometimes lasting decades), sets up a financially sustainable park management and supports the economically sustainable development of the communities in and around the parks.

Sanganeb Atoll Marine National Park is the only Atoll in the Red Sea, located approximately 23 kilometres off the coast, near Port Sudan. Relatively unspoiled coral reefs can be found here, including the fauna associated with them. The park covers roughly 25 km2 (and 250 km2 including the buffer zone surrounding it). The area has been nominated twice to be added to the UNESCO World Heritage List.

Dungonab Bay National Park, located on the West coast of the Red Sea, consists of 800 km2 of coast, coral reefs and islands. The park offers a great diversity of habitats and animal species, amongst which important endangered species such as the Dugong. Two villages (one of which is Dungonab) are located within the park boundaries. The commitment of the population and their sustainable economic development therefore form a very important part of the management plan for the park.

During the coming five years, the Turing Foundation contributes € 1,000,000 to the protection and establishment of a sustainable management of these two national parks.

Update october 2008: Unfortunately African Parks Network has had to withdraw from Dungonab and Sanganeb Marine Parks in Sudan as a result of the lapsing of their initital three-year agreement.

The Turing Foundation contribution of € 100.000 in 2007 to the Parks in Sudan was largely invested in two important components of the project, namely infrastructure and capacity building. The field station was built near Mohammed Qol and will hopefully continue to be used for park management like field monitoring by the Sudanese authorities. Also the Turing Foundation invested in capacity building of staff. Some 18 rangers received training in car mechanics, welding techniques and electricity, first aid and fire fighting skills. Others received SCUBA training. These young staff members are now much better prepared for their future and hopefully they will be used in a manner that benefits their training.

The principal lesson learnt for African Parks is that it has reinforced their own approach in that they will not take on any future project unless Government commits to a full, long term mandate up front that allows them to manage the park.

The Turing Foundation understands and respects the withdrawal, and wishes to thank African Parks for the good cooperation and excellent reports we received during the project. Consequently the Turing Foundation withdraws its commitment of the remaining € 900.000, which was dependant on the conslusion of a new, long term agreement with the Governement of Sudan.

The Turing Foundation will continue to invest in other marineprojects to protect and sustain nurseries of the sea around the world. It is to be hoped that the numerous fish and very important coral reefs in the marine parks in Sudan can be preserved in the near future. see also:
      Donatie voor zeeparken in Soedan (Afrika Nieuws)
      Grant for African Parks from The Turing Foundation (APC)
      € 1 miljoen voor duurzame landbouw en ecosystemen in Afrika (persbericht)
      Other mangrove projects
Dungonab Bay Marine National Park
Dungonab Bay Marine National Park



Sustainable land use
Both ENDSCRESA Regreening the Sahel, Dogonkiria en Soucoucoutane, Niger, 2015-2016
BothEnds and CRESA have been working together since 2010 to encourage farmers to grow trees and plants on their land. 'Farmer Managed Natural Regreening' is a cost effective method, and the initiative has resulted in the regeneration of 621,000 hectares of land. Work in Dogonkiria and Soucoucoutane will be intensified over the next years, which will result in the re-greening of another 500 hectares. In addition, the local capacity is strengthened so that local support can be further increased independently, training can be provided on management and developments monitored and assessed.

The Turing Foundation is contributing €80,000 in 2015, which is more than half of the total budget. The Turing Foundation has already supported Phase I of the project with €118,000 and Phase II with €70,000. see also:
      Both ENDS: other projects
      CRESA: other projects
      Other projects in focus country Niger
      Other regreening projects
Regreening the Sahel, Dogonkiria en Soucoucoutane, Niger
Regreening the Sahel, Dogonkiria en Soucoucoutane, Niger


Greenpeace 'Solutions project': identifying sustainable alternatives for land use, D.R. Congo, 2015
Greenpeace is an international campaigning organisation dedicated to protecting nature through research, consultation and - if all else fails - action. Greenpeace wants to stop the deforestation of the Congo basin and is working with local organisations to achieve adequate legislation and monitoring. Oil palm plantations are a big threat. Greenpeace promotes appealing, replicable and scalable alternatives which show governments and international donors that it is possible to have economic development without having to cut down virgin forests.

The Turing Foundation donates €30,000 in 2015 for the collection, production and distribution of presentation materials. see also:
      Greenpeace: other projects
      Other projects in focus country D.R. Congo
'Solutions project': identifying sustainable alternatives for land use, Cameroon and D.R. Congo
'Solutions project': identifying sustainable alternatives for land use, Cameroon and D.R. Congo


CREMAStichting Het R.C. Maagdenhuis Sustainable conservation and food security for 20 villages, Région Maritime, Togo, 2011-2014
The R.C. Het Maagdenhuis Foundation has been working with CREMA (Centre de Recherche et d'Essai de Modeles d'Autopromotion) in Togo since 2003. Now the project wants to start training 4,000 farmers in the very poor southeast of Togo how to use organic farming methods to improve the yield and storage of corn. On top of that, a 125-acre area will be reforested with a total of 125,000 trees and shrubs (macuna and cajanus cajan) that enrich the soil. The project facilitates extra capacity from CREMA itself and extra attention will be paid to land use by and land transfer to women. Eventually, nature will be restored and protected, and the life standard in 20 villages will be structurally improved.

The Turing Foundation contributed € 33,000 to the project's pilotphase and will also finance the second phase based on those results.

The Turing Foundation contributes € 55,000 to the second part of the project (€ 10.000 in 2014), with the R.C. Het Maagdenhuis Foundation as co-financer. see also:
      CREMA: other projects
      Stichting Het R.C. Maagdenhuis: other projects
      Other projects in focus country Togo
      Other regreening projects
Sustainable conservation and food security, Région Maritime, Togo
Sustainable conservation and food security, Région Maritime, Togo


ProgresoAgro Eco Louis Bolk InstituteAVSF Togo Organic and fair trade cocoa production, Akebou, Togo, 2013-2015
This project from Progreso, the Agro Eco-Louis Bolk Instituut and AVSF wants to stimulate organic cocoa production and improve the lives of cocoa farmers in the Akebou district in Southwest Togo. In the pilot phase (October 2010-December 2011) and phase I (May-December 2012), 693 farmers were selected and trained in renewing plantations, improving plantation management, and stimulating agroforestry and the use of natural pesticides. The project wants to prepare the market for Fair Trade cocoa.

In 2012, the Turing Foundation already supported this project by donating € 55,000 in order to reach more farmers: from 450 to 693 in phase I. In the 2013-2015 period, the Turing Foundation will contribute another € 100,000 (€ 50,000 of which will be donated in 2014) for the intensive follow-up supervision of the 693 farmers in phase II. see also:
      Progreso: other projects
      Agro Eco Louis Bolk Institute: other projects
      Other projects in focus country Togo
Extension of organic and fair trade cocoa production, Togo
Extension of organic and fair trade cocoa production, Togo


newTreeTiipaalga Sustainable Management and Recovery Sahel Ecosystem, Burkina Faso, 2014-2015
Tiipaalga in Burkina Faso was founded in 2006 and is the local counterpart of the Swiss foundation newTree. The organisation wants to create a green Sahel by improving the fertility of the soil, preventing erosion, and reintroducing indigenous trees. Their goals require interventions that are carried out with help of the village communities. For example, plots of 3 ha are fenced off so nature will have a chance to regenerate. People are also taught about sustainable (farming) techniques and environmentally-friendly activities that earn them a living, including beekeeping and growing animal feed. Women are taught to make, use and maintain wood-saving ovens.

The Turing Foundation will be contributing € 28,000 to expand the project to 5 villages. see also:
      newTree: other projects
      Tiipaalga: other projects
      Other projects in focus country Burkina Faso
      Other regreening projects
Training in sustainable organic farming, Burkina Faso
Training in sustainable organic farming, Burkina Faso


Congodorpen Reforestation and sustainable management of ecosystems in the Kwilu district, D.R. Congo, 2011-2013
Congodorpen (formerly known as CDI Bwamanda) is a Belgian NGO dedicated to education and sustainable agriculture in D.R. Congo. To lift the ecological pressure from the Kwilu district, restore the forests and structurally improve the soil quality, CDI introduces agro-forestry methods. For example, the hill ridges of 1,235 acres of heavily degraded savannah will be reforested, and 1,235 acres of oil palm trees will be planted in the valleys. In order to be able to carry out these plans, CDI will be working with over 200 farmer organisations with a total of 20,000 members.

The Turing Foundation contributes € 75,000 to the project (€ 25.000 in 2013). see also:
      Congodorpen: other projects
      Other projects in focus country D.R. Congo
      Other regreening projects
Reforestation result near Mampu, seen from the air
Reforestation result near Mampu, seen from the air


ChildFund Stiftung gGmbHIDEES/ACG Reforestation, Burkina Faso, 2011-2013
The Burkina Faso desert is swiftly advancing. And due to logging for home use, the country loses 80,000 acres of forest every year. ChildFund and the local IDEES/ACG offers trainings for sustainable land use and alternative sources of income, and provides small wood-saving stoves made of clay. Moreover, in six village communities 'Community forests' will be planted, accompanied by agro-forestry trainings.

The Turing Foundation donated € 55,000 to the project, which ends 31 december 2013. see also:
      Other projects in focus country Burkina Faso
      Other regreening projects
Energy-efficient wood stove
Energy-efficient wood stove


CARE Nederland Sustainable development of Mangrove areas, Aguégués Commune, Benin, 2011-2013
Care International is an international aid agency. This project wants to enable structural coastal management by protecting and replanting mangroves in the Vallée du Couffo and Vallée de l'Ouémé in Benin, where we're also working with the AQUADED organisation through IUCN NL. The ecological importance has recently been acknowledged by the Ramsar convention. An important part of the project concerns the establishment of food security and creating alternative income for a community that's entirely dependent on the mangrove forests and this coastal area.

From 2011-2013, the Turing Foundation will be donating € 160,000 to this project (€ 60.000 in 2013). see also:
      Other projects in focus country Benin
      Other mangrove projects
Sustainable development of Mangrove areas, Aguégués Commune, Benin
Sustainable development of Mangrove areas, Aguégués Commune, Benin


Woord en DaadCREDO Sustainable agriculture, Sissili Province, Burkina Faso, 2011-2013
In the poor province of Sissili, Woord en Daad and CREDO are training farm families to make their companies and farming techniques more sustainable. Organic manure will be implemented in their farming, 600,000 bushes will be planted, and walls will be built to prevent water loss and erosion. On a provincial level, agreements will be laid down with regards to conservation and distribution of available resources.

The Turing Foundation contributes € 80,000 to the project (€ 25,000 of which in 2013). see also:
      Woord en Daad: other projects
      CREDO: other projects
      Other projects in focus country Burkina Faso
Sustainable agriculture in Burkina Faso
Sustainable agriculture in Burkina Faso


ProgresoAgro Eco Louis Bolk InstituteLouis Bolk Institute Development of organic and fair trade cocoa production, Togo, 2012
This Progreso and Agro Eco-Louis Bolk Institute project is aimed at promoting organic cocoa production and improving the living conditions of 650 farmers in Western Togo. During the project's pilot phase (October 2010 - December 2011) 450 farmers were selected and trained to produce organic, sustainable cocoa and were taught about agroforestry. In the first phase of the project (May 2012 - December 2012), these trainings will be continued and expanded to reach 650 farmers. On top of that, the organisations are working on strengthening the market for fair-trade cocoa.

The Turing Foundation will be supporting the activities in the first phase of the project by contributing € 55.000 in 2012. see also:
      Progreso: other projects
      Agro Eco Louis Bolk Institute: other projects
      Louis Bolk Institute: other projects
      Other projects in focus country Togo
Development of organic and fair trade cocoa production, Togo
Development of organic and fair trade cocoa production, Togo


Both ENDSCRESAVU-CIS Regreening Initiative, Phase 2, Niger, 2012-2013
In 2010, Both Ends and CIS-VU (Centre for International Cooperation -VU University Amsterdam) started the Re-greening Initiative in Niger with the help of local NGO CRESA. It involves the natural regeneration of 80,000 hectares of land, aimed at recovering nature and improving the living conditions of the local people. Phase 1 of the project saw the realization of field activities and trainings regarding re-greening in 46 villages, the installation of 38 village committees, and the start of a lobby to raise support for re-greening. Phase 2 will be focused on intensifying the project, expanding the re-greening approach to surrounding villages and regions, and strengthening the lobby for widespread re-greening support within the Nigerian government.

In 2012, the Turing Foundation will be donating € 70,000 to the second phase of the project. For the first phase, the initiators previously received € 118,000. see also:
      Both ENDS: other projects
      CRESA: other projects
      VU-CIS: other projects
      Other projects in focus country Niger
      Other regreening projects
Regreening Initiative, Niger
Regreening Initiative, Niger


SolidaridadAProCa Switch to sustainable cotton production, Mali, 2011-2012
Mali is the largest producer of cotton in Western Africa. Cotton is a good source of income, but it's extremely harmful to the environment. In a pilot phase, 4,000 farmers switched to sustainable cotton farming that meets the international "Better Cotton Criteria'. In the long run, this will prove enormously beneficial to nature. For the second phase, Solidaridad and local organisation AProCa want to have another 21,000 farmers make the switch to sustainable cotton production.

For the project's second phase, the Turing Foundation contributes € 100,000 (of which € 50,000 in 2012). see also: Other projects in focus country Mali
Cotton farmer outside Fana, Mali
Cotton farmer outside Fana, Mali


ADECUSSIUCN Nederland Developing organic vegetable gardens and orchards - Séguénéga, Burkina Faso, 2010-2012
The Burkinan organisation ADECUSS will teach 300 women in the extremely poor and dry northern region of Burkina Faso modern market gardening and agricultural techniques (such as how to make compost and how to graft fruit trees) and sales techniques. This way the women can generate income and a sustainable investment is made in soil improvement and biodiversity in this region. A total of 2000 fruit trees will be planted, one well will be dug and three fenced organic vegetable gardens and orchards covering 1.5 hectares will be set up.

The Turing Foundation finances this project of the Burkinan organisation ADECUSS through IUCN NL (€ 33,000) from 2009 until its end in October 2012. see also:
      IUCN Nederland: other projects
      Other projects in focus country Burkina Faso
Orchard in Séguénéga, Turing project visit, November 2010
Orchard in Séguénéga, Turing project visit, November 2010


ALPHALOGICCO Communal management of grazing land and forest restoration in Ségou, Mali, 2009-2011
The agricultural region Ségou frequently suffers from food shortages caused by the exhaustion of agricultural and grazing land. Forests are chopped down for fire wood and frequently disputes arise about the scarce wells and between nomadic herdsmen and landowners. In order to stop the advancing desert, this project teaches the local population to grow their own trees for replanting or for sale, wells are being dug for the livestock and trees are being planted, such as the baobab that is threatened with extinction. In order to restore the ecological balance, at least 50 hectares of forest are to be planted every year. In addition, members of the local authority and other people involved are trained in communal environmental management.

The Turing Foundation supports the Malian organisation ALPHALOG through the development organisation ICCO with € 110,000, of which € 30.000 in 2011, the final year of the project. ALPHALOG collaborates with the Malian Turing partners OMAES, AMSS and GRAT. see also:
      ICCO: other projects
      Other projects in focus country Mali
      Other regreening projects
Reforestation of desertified soil. Turing project visit, November 2010
Reforestation of desertified soil. Turing project visit, November 2010


AMSSICCO Protection of natural resources in Timbuktu, Mali, 2009-2011
In ten villages in the Timbuktu region primarily women will be trained in organic market gardening and small livestock farming and in the use of wood-saving ovens. One hundred of the poorest women in these villages will receive a micro credit for 2 goats, 1 male and one female, and seed to grow fodder for the animals. Two hectares of forest will be planted per village. To accomplish this, the villagers are provided with seed, and they are trained in growing trees for their own use and for sale. The establishment of an agreement on protecting the environment between various local authorities forms the basis of this project (Conventions Locales). This is even a resolutive condition for receiving this grant.

The Turing Foundation supports the Malian organisation AMSS through the development organisation ICCO with € 106,000 (€ 30.000 in the final year 2011). AMSS collaborates with the Malian Turing partners OMAES, ALPHALOG and GRAT. see also:
      ICCO: other projects
      Other projects in focus country Mali
Family garden, Turing project visit, November 2010
Family garden, Turing project visit, November 2010


GRATICCO Sustainable management of the forest of Koubaye, Mali, 2009-2011
This project aims to protect and restore 7,700 km2 of forest by making environmental agreements between the authorities of four local communities. Environmental education will be given to 8,000 adults and children. A thousand wood-saving ovens will distributed and village blacksmiths will be taught how to produce them. The local people will also be trained in growing trees, both for replanting in the forest and for sale. Women will be trained in organic market gardening (seed will also be made available) and livestock farming (micro credits will be given for goats, male and female). GRAT will also dig 15 wells.

The Turing Foundation supports the Malian organisation GRAT through the development organisation ICCO (a total sum of € 63,500). The project runs from 2009 until mid 2011. GRAT collaborates with the Malian Turing partners OMAES, ALPHALOG and AMSS. see also:
      ICCO: other projects
      Other projects in focus country Mali
Women using wood-saving ovens. Turing project visit, November 2010
Women using wood-saving ovens. Turing project visit, November 2010


ANCO KameroenMaingai Agro-Vet GoupIUCN Nederland Organic gardening and 'night paddocks', Cameroon, 2009-2011
Njamnjama is a vegetable similar to spinach. In Cameroon the traditional production of this vegetable has not been able to keep up with the huge demand. It grows extremely fast and can be grown all year round. Today the farmers increasingly use artificial fertilizers and pesticides for the production, causing water pollution and conflicts between villages. By training 150 women and 20 men, and by setting up 6 hectares of organic gardens, the Maingai AGRO-VET Group aims to introduce a tried and tested sustainable agricultural method in the northwest of Cameroon. In between the gardens there will be 'night paddocks', where the manure is collected to improve the soil. Eventually this project should lead to a fivefold increase in revenues.

The Turing Foundation finances this project that runs until 2011 through IUCN NL (€ 33,000). The Maingai AGRO-VET Group collaborates with ANCO, another partner in nature conservation of the Turing Foundation in this region. see also:
      ANCO Kameroen: other projects
      IUCN Nederland: other projects
      Other projects in focus country Cameroon
Women at work on their own BOFA farm, Turing project visit, Februari 2012
Women at work on their own BOFA farm, Turing project visit, Februari 2012


Both ENDSCRESAVU-CIS Regreening Initiative, Niger, 2010-2011
Niger is one of the poorest countries in the world, with three-quarters of its surface covered by desert and 85% of its population being entirely dependent on agriculture. Both Ends and the VU Centre for International Cooperation, in association with local organisation CRESA, want to help start the natural regeneration of 80 hectares of land by creating a 'green zone', and by doing so recover nature and improve local living standards. A total of 1,200 farmers and 60 technicians will be trained in afforestation and forest restoration, and 40 village committees will be supplied with necessary materials.

The Turing Foundation will donate a total amount of € 118,000 to the project (€ 45.000 in 2011) that will run until the end of this year. see also:
      Both ENDS: other projects
      CRESA: other projects
      VU-CIS: other projects
      Other projects in focus country Niger
      Other regreening projects
Regreening Initiative, Niger
Regreening Initiative, Niger


CENDEP KameroenIUCN Nederland Restoration of Mountain Forests by Introduction of Analogue Forestry, Bamenda High Mountains, Cameroon, 2008-2010
CENDEP introduces and stimulates the durable cultivation of forest products. The highlands of Bamenda are sometimes referred to as the storehouse of Cameroon. Many original forests have lost ground to agriculture and cattle breeding. As a consequence, the quality of the soil and drinking water noticeably declines, while erosion and poverty increase. In order to break out of this spiral, CENDEP and IUCN NL are creating an exemplary project for long-lasting increase of income through analogue forestry techniques. These entail the protection and recovery of original vegetation, combined with the planting of income generating varieties.

The Turing Foundation finances this project, which runs until 2010 (€ 93.500). see also:
      IUCN Nederland: other projects
      Other projects in focus country Cameroon
Part of the CENDEP project area, destroyed by fire (possibly arsony as a result of a quarrel between project stakeholders). Turing Project Visit, Februari 2012
Part of the CENDEP project area, destroyed by fire (possibly arsony as a result of a quarrel between project stakeholders). Turing Project Visit, Februari 2012


CREMAStichting Het R.C. Maagdenhuis Sustainable conservation and food security, Région Maritime, Togo 2010
Since 2003, the R.C. Maagdenhuis Foundation has been working with local organization CREMA (Centre de Recherche et d'Essai de Modeles d'Autopromotion). For this project, their joint goal is to train 4,000 farmers from the very poor southeast of Togo in organic farming to increase corn produce. Trees will be planted (velvet bean and pigeon pea) for soil enrichment, and the project will also provide a strengthening of CREMA's own capacity. This way, nature will be restored and protected, and the living standard of twenty villages will be structurally improved.

The Turing Foundation will contribute € 33,000 to the project. see also:
      CREMA: other projects
      Stichting Het R.C. Maagdenhuis: other projects
      Other projects in focus country Togo
Sustainable conservation and food security, Région Maritime, Togo 2010-2011
Sustainable conservation and food security, Région Maritime, Togo 2010-2011


HeiferLouis Bolk InstituteASUDEC Ecological sustainability and the promotion of (small) livestock farming, Burkina Faso, 2009-2010
In this project Heifer and the Louis Bolk Institute collaborate in the neighbourhood of the villages Gonsé and Gampela in Burkina Faso. The Burkinan organisation ASUDEC gives 'living loans' according to the Heifer philosophy: families receive chickens, goats and sheep and the loan is paid off by passing on the offspring of the livestock. The manure of the livestock is used as organic fertilizer in agricultural farming and market gardening. The families are trained in sustainable agricultural methods and the production of more varied and productive crops. In order to restore the ecosystem, 15,000 young trees and bushes are being planted.

The Turing Foundation financed this project of the Burkinan organisation ASUDEC through the Heifer/Louis Bolk Institute (€ 35,000). see also:
      Heifer: other projects
      Louis Bolk Institute: other projects
      ASUDEC: other projects
      Other projects in focus country Burkina Faso
ASUDEC community garden, Turing project visit, Gampela, November 2010, Burkina Faso
ASUDEC community garden, Turing project visit, Gampela, November 2010, Burkina Faso


Acção para o DesenvolvimentoIUCN Nederland Sustainable manioc cultivation, Ingoré, Guinea Bissau, 2010-2012
Apart from rice, the most important food plants in Guinea-Bissau are manioc, beans and sorghum. Local organisation Acção para o Desenvolvimento promotes the sustainable production of these plants to help land improvement. Pesticides are being replaced by environmentally friendly pest and weed control methods, so nature - especially the important mangroves - can recuperate. A total of 160 farmers from eight villages will be trained in sustainable production. Upon completion of the project, the organisation wants a thousand farmers from 25 other villages to follow this example project.

Through IUCN, the Turing Foundation will donate a total of € 44,000 to the project. see also:
      IUCN Nederland: other projects
      Other mangrove projects
harvesting manioc (cassava)
harvesting manioc (cassava)


ADEPAGODILIUCN Nederland Improved sustainable rice cultivation, Sangaréyah Bay, Guinée Bissau, 2010-2012
In Guinea-Bissau, local organisations ADEPAG and ODIL are collaborating to (re)introduce the sustainable cultivation of rice. Since the years of cheap, imported Asian rice are over, sustainable cultivation of rice is once again a good investment for farmers. Among other things, this project provides 50 hectares of new rice fields as well as trainings and education for engineers. Eventually, rice produce is supposed to increase to 200 tonnes and so generate a sixfold return on produce.

Through IUCN NL, the Turing Foundation will donate € 66,000 to the project. see also:
      IUCN Nederland: other projects
      Other mangrove projects
improved sustainable rice cultivation, Sangaréyah Bay, Guinée Bissau, 2010-2012
improved sustainable rice cultivation, Sangaréyah Bay, Guinée Bissau, 2010-2012


Nature TropicaleIUCN Nederland Sustainable soy cultivation around Lake Siré, Oueme, Benin, 2010-2012
Nature Tropicale focuses on the introduction and supervision of the sustainable cultivation of soy around Lake Siré in Oueme, Benin. A minimum of 50 women and 50 youngsters will be trained to cultivate soy as an alternative source of income to the cultivation of cotton, which is extremely environmentally unfriendly. By locally decreasing the pressure on nature, Lake Siré - host to manatees, for example - can be protected.

Through IUCN NL, the Turing Foundation will donate a total of € 33,000 to the project. see also:
      IUCN Nederland: other projects
      Other projects in focus country Benin
Sustainable soy cultivation around Lake Siré, Oueme, Benin, 2010-2012
Sustainable soy cultivation around Lake Siré, Oueme, Benin, 2010-2012


ICCOOMAES Preservation of Natural Resources, Timbuktu, Mali, 2009-2010
Because of years of draught and a fast population growth, the natural vegetation of the Timbuktu region is under pressure. Because of this, important sources of income for the local population are threatened to be lost. The Dutch development organisation ICCO and the Malinese organisation OMAES are running a project in 10 villages in this region in North Mali, which offers alternative sources of income to the women of the 15 poorest households in each village (market gardening and durable small live stock holding) including training.

The Turing Foundation contributes € 100,000 to this project (€ 30.000,- in 2010). see also:
      ICCO: other projects
      Other projects in focus country Mali
Timbuktu region, Mali
Timbuktu region, Mali


ASYIUCN Nederland Promotion and improvement of biological shea nut farming, Burkina Faso, 2008-2010
For millions of African people, in particular women, the shea nut provides one of the most important sources of income. Forest fires, logging and the use of non-sustainable artificial fertilizer pose severe threats to the shea nut trees in Burkina Faso. Moreover, traditional production methods are hardly eficient. The local Association Songtaab-Yalgre and IUCN Nederland seek to advance biological farming through training and thus to increase the production of shea nuts. Their goal is also to guarantee the women's access to the shea nut trees by, for example, stimulating fresh plantings and lobbying with authorities for women's rights.

The Turing Foundation financed the full costs (€ 58,000) of this project, which runs from 2009 until the end of 2010. see also:
      IUCN Nederland: other projects
      Other projects in focus country Burkina Faso
Women of Songtaaba, Turing project visit, November 2010
Women of Songtaaba, Turing project visit, November 2010


AquaDeDIUCN Nederland Sustainable fish production, Oueme river, Benin, 2010-2012
AquaDeD (Aquaculture et Développement Durable) is a young NGO from Benin which especially aims to further develop sustainable fishing in the flood plains of the Oueme river, a recognized nature reserve. The use of whedos - canals filling up during the rainy season, and in which fish remains - and the biological growth of fish feed contributes to the recovery of nature. By training 100 women in a more economical use of wood when smoking fish, this project also plays a role in the improvement of the daily social circumstances of these women.

The Turing Foundation finances this project via IUCN NL, donating € 33,000 from 2010 to 2012. see also:
      IUCN Nederland: other projects
      Other projects in focus country Benin
Sustainable fish production, Oueme river, Benin
Sustainable fish production, Oueme river, Benin


Action PlusIUCN Nederland Biological cultivation of red pepper, Igbodja region, Benin, 2010-2012
Since 1993, the Beninese organisation Action Plus is active in the fields of agriculture, environment and health care. This NGO is working on a biological agriculture training project for women in Central-East Benin, in the Igbodja region. The aim of the project is to protect the regional forests by using the right crops and production methods for their recovery. This method is called 'agroforestry'. The peppers are in great demand on the local market and can therefore be a welcome source of income for the women.

The Turing Foundation provides funding for this project via IUCN NL by donating € 33,000 between 2010 and 2012. see also:
      IUCN Nederland: other projects
      Other projects in focus country Benin
Biologische teelt van rode peper, Igbodja regio, Benin
Biologische teelt van rode peper, Igbodja regio, Benin


IUCN NederlandDONKO Sustainable management of wetlands around Lake Doro, Mali, 2010-2011
The Malinese organisation DONKO aims to improve the sustainable management of Lake Doro and the adjacent tidal areas in the province of Kayes, in the most Western part of Mali. This area is both economically and biologically of great importance. The project area has 9500 inhabitants, living in 8 villages: farmers, cattle breeding nomads and fishermen. In the previous phase of the project several crucial arrangements have been successfully laid down in management agreements with the many users of this area (amongst whom fishermen, farmers, shepherds and foresters). Moreover, investments have been made in sustainable vegetable cultivation, and in more sustainable fishing and forestation methods. The next phase of this project focuses on a further development of alternative sources of income for 300 women by the creation of vegetable gardens, reforestation of 26 hectares of land and by increasing the environmental awareness in school children.

In 2010, the Turing Foundation provides funding for this project via IUCN NL, donating € 33,000. see also:
      IUCN Nederland: other projects
      DONKO: other projects
      Other projects in focus country Mali
      Other mangrove projects
Vegetable gardens near the wetlands around Lake Doro, Mali
Vegetable gardens near the wetlands around Lake Doro, Mali


LCRIUCN Nederland Sustainable agriculture/forestry in the Missahoe Forest Reserve, Togo, 2010-2012
The local organisation Les Compagnons Ruraux works hard to recover the Missahoe forest reserve in Togo. Based on positive results of earlier forest recovery programmes, 7000 people of five villages will be involved in a project of 'analogous planting'. New plantings will have almost the same function as rain forests but will in part consist of economically interesting species, such as coffee, pepper trees and certain fruit trees. In the third phase of the project, which will last one more year, another 50,000 trees will be planted, 10 information campaigns will be launched, the production of cocoa - which has by now started - will be certified and 12 volunteers will be trained in forest fire fighting.

In 2010, the Turing Foundation provides funding for this project via IUCN NL, donating € 44,000. Earlier, the Turing Foundation financed the construction of two schools in this area. see also:
      LCR: other projects
      IUCN Nederland: other projects
      Other projects in focus country Togo
      Other regreening projects
Nursery of economically interesting trees for analogous reforestation, Missahoe Forest Reserve, Togo
Nursery of economically interesting trees for analogous reforestation, Missahoe Forest Reserve, Togo


The Hunger Project Sustainable Agricultural Programmes, Burkina Faso 2008-2009
The Hunger Project is a global organisation that takes action against hunger and chronic poverty. The foundation works together with communities from so-called 'epicentres' in Burkina Faso on the improvement of social circumstances, especially in agriculture, because 80% of the population is fully dependent on it. The agricultural programmes focus on the improvement of sustainable agricultural techniques, the protection of affected parcels of forest, the establishment of food banks for times of scarcity, and the provision of micro credits to women.

Just like in 2008, the Turing Foundation adopts the entire agricultural programmes of The Hunger Project in Burkino Faso in 2009, for the sum of € 62.000. see also: Other projects in focus country Burkina Faso
The Community Garden of The Hunger Project in Sapouy, Burkina Faso, Turing Project Visit, November 2010
The Community Garden of The Hunger Project in Sapouy, Burkina Faso, Turing Project Visit, November 2010


RECA GhanaIUCN Nederland Forest conservation on small-scale cacao plantations, Wassa Amenfi District, Ghana, 2009-2010
The Rural Environmental Care Association (RECA) focuses on the sustained use of land combined with forest conservation. In the Ghanaian District Wassa Amenfi the organisation teaches 800 cacao farmers agro-forestry techniques in order to make their cacao production sustainable, so it no longer has a negative impact on the tropical rain forest. In addition, 100 women are trained in forest conservation and sustainable firewood collection.

The Turing Foundation adopts this IUCN project for a sum of € 41,000. The project will run until the end of 2010. see also: IUCN Nederland: other projects
Forest conservation on small-scale cacao plantations, Wassa Amenfi District, Ghana
Forest conservation on small-scale cacao plantations, Wassa Amenfi District, Ghana


AGEDIUCN Nederland Introduction of the organic production of 'Niebe', Burkina Faso, 2009-2012
The floodplains around Lake Darkoye in the northwest of Burkina Faso are in the poor Sahel region, where malnutrition and hunger are still prevalent. The farmers use traditional agricultural methods in combination with strong pesticides. As a result the scarce agricultural land and nature have become exhausted or even poisoned. This project trains 375 farmers in ten villages in the organic production of 'Niebe' (a native type of pulse with a high market value), it invests in storage silos and it teaches farmers sales techniques in order to structurally increase their revenues.

The Turing Foundation finances this project of the Burkinan organisation AGED through IUCN NL (€ 32,450). The project will run until August 2012. see also:
      IUCN Nederland: other projects
      Other projects in focus country Burkina Faso
Organic production of 'Niebe', Darkoye Meer, Burkina Faso
Organic production of 'Niebe', Darkoye Meer, Burkina Faso


RAFIAIUCN Nederland Restoration and protection of local ecosystems, Région des Savanes, Togo, 2009-2010
In the Région des Savanes in Northern Togo, a very poor region, the ecosystem is deteriorating at an alarming pace as a result of uncontrolled (over)exploitation of soil and wood (especially firewood). Animal species are becoming extinct and the forests no longer meet the needs of the people. Local organisation RAFIA (Recherche Appui et Formation aux Initiatives d'Auto Développement) assists rural and other communities in improving their living conditions, for example by the sustainable management of natural resources.

The Turing Foundation donates € 44,000 towards a RAFIA project to construct four 'galeries forestières' and to educate people in sustainable agriculture techniques, using more varied and more productive crops, thus helping approximately 900 households in nine villages. The project will run until August 2010. see also:
      IUCN Nederland: other projects
      Other projects in focus country Togo
Restoration and protection of local ecosystems, Région des Savanes, Togo
Restoration and protection of local ecosystems, Région des Savanes, Togo


Hugo van Lawick Foundation Teacher training and nature education, Ido Eco Community, Tanzania, 2008-2010
Hugo van Lawick devoted his life to observing and capturing nature. He was married to Jane Goodall and is a legend in Tanzania. The foundation established in his name is devoted to nature education aimed at nature protection. The foundation ensures potential income and food supply on the basis of organic farming for 20 communities of 5,000 households in total.

In the coming years, the foundation will train 100 teachers, will make 6,000 children in thirty primary schools and one secondary school more environmentally conscious, and will offer courses in organic farming and replanting. The crops and seeds needed will be made available through the schools.

The Turing Foundation finances the seeds, trees and plants needed for this programme (€ 85,000 in total). 24,000 new trees will be planted.

Teacher Training, Hugo van Lawick Foundation
Teacher Training, Hugo van Lawick Foundation


GOANIUCN Nederland Sustainable Cocoa Production Eastern and Ashanti Region, Ghana, 2008-2010
The Ghana Organic Agriculture Network (GOAN) promotes nature-friendly and sustainable food production in Ghana. As in many other countries, the production of cocoa leads to serious deforestation and forest degradation in Ghana. Together with IUCN NL GOAN starts two pilot projects (in the Eastern region and the Ahanti region) to develop sustainable cocoa production, in such a way that the areas will form an important shield for several nearby forest reserves. The projects cover 2700 hectares and are directed at 1600 farmers.

The Turing Foundation funds this project, which runs until 2010 (€ 66,000). see also:
      GOAN: other projects
      IUCN Nederland: other projects
IUCN Project Sustainable Agriculture
IUCN Project Sustainable Agriculture


ANCO KameroenIUCN Nederland Community Forest, Bamenda High Mountains, Cameroon, 2008-2010
ANCO introduces and stimulates sustainable agriculture and other types of durable sources of income. In the Bamenda High Mountains of Cameroon, where CENDEP introduces analogue forestry pilots, ANCO and IUCN NL together start an exemplary project in the Western part of the mountains. The project allows members of the Dom community to exploit the relatively intact forest in a durable way and to reduce the burden of agriculture and cattle breeding on the forest. 120 acres of degraded forest will be restored and the community will be trained and provided with materials for sustainable use of the forest, sustainable agriculture and cattle breeding, erosion control, apiculture and sustainable market gardening.

The Turing Foundation funds this project, which runs until 2010 (€ 53,500). see also:
      ANCO Kameroen: other projects
      IUCN Nederland: other projects
      Other projects in focus country Cameroon
ANCO training in beekeeping and honey production, Bemanda, Kameroen, 2010
ANCO training in beekeeping and honey production, Bemanda, Kameroen, 2010


IUCN Nederland € 1.000.000 for sustainable IUCN agricultural projects in Africa, 2008-2010
After the realization of several successful projects, the Turing Foundation has decided to enter into a structural partnership with the Small Grants Programme of IUCN Nederland. In the next three years (2008-2010), the Turing Foundation makes available € 1,000,000 for IUCN projects in the field of sustainable (organic) agriculture and cattle breeding in Africa. Having this guarantee will enable the IUCN to more efficiently submit projects to the Turing Foundation and on top of that to use the structural commitment as a catalyst to interest other sponsors to contribute to the Small Grants Programme. see also:
      IUCN NL ontvangt € 1 miljoen van Turing Foundation voor Afrika (IUCN NL)
      Turing Foundation doneert ruim 4 miljoen aan natuurbescherming
      IUCN Nederland: other projects
sustainable agricultural projects in Africa
sustainable agricultural projects in Africa


LCRIUCN Nederland Sustainable agriculture/forestry in the Missahoe Forest Reserve, Togo, 2007-2009
In Togo, IUCN Nederland works together with the local organisation Les Compagnons Ruraux to recover part of the rainforest. This rainforest has been seriously impoverished due to human activities, but it still houses a very important biodiversity. Based on positive experiences in an earlier forest recovery programme, 7,000 people of five villages will be involved in a project of 'analogous planting'. This means that the new plantings will have almost the same function as the rainforest, but will in part consist of economically interesting species of trees, such as coffee, pepper tree and certain kinds of fruit trees.

The Turing Foundation finances this project, which runs until July 2009 (€ 83,000). see also:
      LCR: other projects
      IUCN Nederland: other projects
      Other projects in focus country Togo
      Other regreening projects
Missahoe forest reserve, Togo
Missahoe forest reserve, Togo


CRFAIUCN Nederland Sustainable small-scaled agriculture in Borgou, Benin, 2007-2009
In an attempt to bring the dramatic loss of biodiversity in Borgou to a standstill, IUCN Nederland works together with the local organisation CRFA (Conseil Régional de la Forêt Antisua) to develop and implement alternative and improved agricultural systems around the Antisua community forest.

The local community is being trained in the small-scaled production of soy (which is very effective in soil enrichment), reforesting, forest management, beekeeping, poultry farming, crop rotation strategies and in the production of small energy-efficient wood-burning stoves.

The Turing Foundation finances this project until 2009 (€ 60,000). see also:
      IUCN Nederland: other projects
      Other projects in focus country Benin
Sustainable small-scaled agriculture
Sustainable small-scaled agriculture


DONKOIUCN Nederland Sustainable management of wetlands around Lake Doro, Mali, 2007-2009
IUCN Nederland joins forces with the Malinese organisation DONKO to coordinate the sustainable management of Lake Doro and adjacent tidal areas in South-West Mali. 9,500 people live in eight villages within the project region: farmers, cattle-breeding nomads and fishermen. Efforts are being made to make these people and the local authorities aware of the importance of sustainable nature conservation, and to help them to reach mutual agreements to that end. The people are supported in tapping alternative sources of income, for example by the contribution of material and knowledge in the field of sustainable vegetable growing, sustained fishing and tree planting.

The Turing Foundation finances this project, which runs until July 2009 (€ 44,000). see also:
      DONKO: other projects
      IUCN Nederland: other projects
      Other projects in focus country Mali
      Other mangrove projects
Sustainable vegetable growing
Sustainable vegetable growing